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1 .

Economy Class Syndrome


Economy Class Syndrome is a potentially life-threatening deep vein thrombosis occurring during or just after a long airplane flight, especially in economy class where there is little leg room. The combination of long periods of immobility, dehydration and lower oxygen pressure results in poor blood circulation in the legs, raising the risk of clot formation.

2 .

Swollen Leg/Leg Fatigue


Leg swelling generally occurs because of an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the tissues of the lower extremities known as ¡§edema.¡¨ Edema is common, particularly in elderly people. Prolonged standing, pregnancy, obesity and long travel are common causes of edema. Swelling may also be a sign of a more serious condition, such as heart failure, kidney failure, or blood clot, so it¡¦s important to determine the cause of swelling.

3 .

Varicose Veins ( Mild, Moderate & Severe)


Varicose veins are enlarged, twisted veins that are visible through the skin, typically at the back of the calf or inner leg. Causes include obesity, pregnancy, long periods of walking or standing and damaged valves in the veins that help blood to flow toward the heart. Blood accumulates in the veins, causing them to get larger and become visible.

4 .

Post-Surgical Wear


Not every varicose vein will disappear after surgery. It is possible that varicosity may return or occur in other veins. Deep vein blood clots may develop. In most cases this is treatable, but it can be fatal. Compression stockings and blood-thinning injections may be used to help prevent Deep Vein Thrombosis and recurrence of varicose veins.

5 .



During pregnancy, blood volume can increase up to 50%, adding to the burden on the veins; hormones increase causing the walls of blood vessels to loosen, making them more likely to enlarge and swell; and the growing uterus adds pressure on the veins of the belly, making the return of blood to the heart more difficult. The combination of these factors increases the possibility of forming varicose veins during pregnancy.

6 .

Spider Veins


Spider Veins are small, superficial, thread-like veins that appear at the skin¡¦s surface. They are small, red, blue or purple veins that can be found on thighs, calves and ankles. They can also be associated with larger underlying varicose veins. Spider veins may appear spontaneously and they may not cause leg pain, swelling or fatigue. Causes include heredity, pregnancy, obesity, trauma and prolonged sitting or standing.

7 .

Venous Stasis


Venous Stasis means the veins in the legs that carry blood back toward the heart are not working properly, which can result in blood clots in the superficial or deep veins. Patients often complain of a feeling of fullness, aching or tiredness in the legs. Symptoms worsen with standing and are relieved when legs are elevated. As the stasis proceeds, the blood continues to gather in the legs potentially leading to more serious varicose veins or ulcer.

8 .



Thrombosis is the formation of a clot or thrombus inside a blood vessel, blocking the blood flow through the circulatory system. Thrombosis of deep leg veins causes swelling, redness and pain in the leg. A clot may break off and be carried with the flow of blood, traveling to the lungs. This is called a pulmonary embolism and is a common cause of sudden, unexpected death. Factors affecting clot formation include advanced age, obesity, infection and immobilization.