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Medical Waste

 
 
Biological hazards, also known as biohazards, refer to biological substances that pose a threat to the health of living organisms, primarily that of humans. This can include medical waste or samples of a microorganisms, virus or toxin (from a biological source) that can impact human health. It can also include substances harmful to animals. The term and its associated symbol is generally used as a warning, so that those potentially exposed to the substances will know to take precautions.
 

In Unicode, the biohazard sign is U+2623 ().

Biohazardous agents are classified for transportation by UN number:

  • UN 2814 (Infectous substance to Humans)
  • UN 2900 (Infectous substance to Animals)
  • UN 3291 (Medical Waste)
    • Regulated Medical Waste, UN 3291- Waste or reusable material derived from medical treatment of an animal or human, or from biomedical research, which includes the production and testing of biological products.

    • Medical waste, also known as clinical waste, normally refers to waste products that cannot be considered general waste, produced from healthcare premises, such as hospitals, clinics, doctors offices, labs and nursing homes.

We at Drogaria Raicar provide you with Bio-degradable bags,  which are environment friendly waste collection bags that are 100% biodegradable. They are very appropriate for collecting waste and are made of quality proven material. These leak proof garbage bags come in variety of specifications.

We also have Manual and Electric Needle Destroyers which instantly destroys syringes and needles.
 
Lets make our environment greener.
 
 
Bags we stock are in Red, Blue, yellow. Following Guide lines be followed.
 

SCHEDULE I

CATEGORIES OF BIO-MEDICAL WASTE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Option Waste Category / Treatment & Disposal --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Category No. I Human Anatomical Waste (human tissues, organs, body parts) (incineration@/deep burial*) Category No. 2 Animal Waste (animal tissues, organs, body parts carcasses, bleeding parts, fluid, blood and experimental animals used in research, waste generated by veterinary hospitals colleges, discharge from hospitals, animal houses) (incineration@/deep burial*) Category No 3 Microbiology & Biotechnology Waste (local autoclaving) Category No 4 Waste sharps (needles, syringes, scalpels, blades, glass, etc. that may cause
                  puncture and cuts. This includes both used and unused sharps) (disinfection)																							
Category No 5 Discarded Medicines and Cytotoxic drugs (wastes comprising of outdated, contaminated and discarded Medicines)
                  (inc ineration@/destruction and
drugs disposal in secured landfills drugs disposal in secured
)

Category No 6 Solid Waste (Items contaminated with blood, and body fluids including cotton, dressings, soiled plaster casts, lines, beddings, other material
                  contaminated with blood)
		(incineration@/autoclaving/microwaving)

Category No. 7 Solid Waste (wastes generated from disposable items other than the waste shaprs
		such as tubings, catheters, intravenous sets etc).	
                  (disinfection by chemicaltreatment/autoclaving)													
Category No. 8 Liquid Waste (waste generated from laboratory and washing, cleaning, house- keeping and disinfecting activities)
                  (disinfection by chemicaltreatment/Discharge into Drains			
Category No. 9	Incineration Ash
		(ash from incineration of any bio-medical waste) (disposal in municipal landfill)

Category No. 10	Chemical Waste
		(chemicals used in production of biologicals, chemicals used in	disinfaction)
                  (chemical treatment and discharge into drains for liquid and secured landfill 
                   for solids)			

@@ Chemicals treatment using at least 1% hypochlorite solution or any other equivalent chemical reagent. It must be ensured that chemical treatment ensures disinfection.

## Multilation/shredding must be such so as to prevent unauthorised reuse.

@ There will be no chemical pretreatment before incineration. Chlorinated plastics shall not be incinerated.

* Deep burial shall be an option available only in towns with population less than five lakhs and in rural areas.

 

SCHEDULE II

COLOUR CODING AND TYPE OF CONTAINER FOR DISPOSAL OF BIO-MEDICAL WASTES

Colour Conding

Type of Container -I Waste Category

Treatment options as per

Schedule I

Yellow

Plastic bag Cat. 1, Cat. 2, and Cat. 3,

Cat. 6.

Incineration/deep burial

 

Red

Disinfected container/plastic bag Cat. 3, Cat. 6, Cat.7.

Autoclaving/Microwaving/

Chemical Treatment

Blue/White

translucent

Plastic bag/puncture proof Cat. 4, Cat. 7.

Container

Autoclaving/Microwaving/

Chemical Treatment and

destruction/shredding

Black

Plastic bag Cat. 5 and Cat. 9 and

Cat. 10. (solid)

Disposal in secured landfill

Notes:

1. Colour coding of waste categories with multiple treatment options as defined in Schedule I, shall be selected depending on treatment option chosen, which shall be as specified in Schedule I.

2. Waste collection bags for waste types needing incineration shall not be made of chlorinated plastics.

3. Categories 8 and 10 (liquid) do not require containers/bags.

4. Category 3 if disinfected locally need not be put in containers/bags.

 

More details are available at http://envfor.nic.in/legis/hsm/biomed.html

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